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Renishaw Coastal Precinct Harnesses Untapped Potential on the Mid-South Coast

It’s all systems go for the 2.6-million square metre Renishaw Coastal Precinct on the scenic mid-South Coast, possibly KZN’s best kept secret. Prime coastal land at smashing prices is just waiting for the right partners, at a substantially lower price than that available in the KZN North Coast.

Ideally located only 40-minutes from Durban, Renishaw Coastal Precinct is backed by Renishaw Property Developments, a subsidiary of the JSE-listed Crookes Brothers Limited.

Rights have already been secured to develop a significant number of sizable properties and the KwaZulu-Natal Department of Environmental Affairs, the National Department of Agriculture and Umdoni Municipality have given the green light for mixed use development with zoning for a private school.

The Renishaw Coastal Precinct, the first development of this scale on the mid-South Coast, has been divided into 5-phases.

Phase 1: Renishaw Estate and Heritage Village

Total extent 78.8356 ha or 17.83%

Private conservation zone 349.741 ha

Active open space 1.873 ha

The land use for this phase includes 13 medium density residential 1 sites (56.0509 ha); 78 residential only 1 sites (1.8368 ha); 70 residential only 2 sites (1.0944 ha) and 45 residential only 3 sites (3.9709 ha). 3 sites have been earmarked for multi-purpose retail (6.9101 ha), 7 sites (4.5992 ha) for municipal and government, 1 site for urban agriculture 2 (2.1994 ha), 2 sites for worship (0.6499 ha) and 1 for institution (1.5239 ha).

Phase 2: Clansthal and Craigieburn

Total extent 41.0767 ha or 16.37%

Conservation 199.623 ha

Passive open space 2.1637 ha

The land use for this stage includes 114 residential only 2 sites (12.3352 ha); 20 medium density residential 3 sites (22.6670 ha) and 3 medium density residential 1 sites (1.1647 ha). 2 sites have been earmarked for resort 2 (3.1957 ha), 2 sites for health and welfare (0.3295 ha) and 2 sites for medium impact mixed use (0.4787 ha).

Phase 3: Interchange and Waterfront

Total extent 54.4 ha or 25.6%

Conservation 141.65 ha

Passive open space 1.02 ha

The land use for this stage includes 22 residential only 2 sites (1.41 ha); 2 medium density residential 1 sites (2.94 ha) and 3 high density residential 1 sites (2.31 ha). 21 sites have been earmarked for mixed use office (5.11 ha); 1 site for a petrol station (0.63 ha); 1 site for education (16.4 ha); 3 sites for multi-purpose retail (1.78 ha); 28 sites for light industry 2 (10.51 ha); 2 sites for municipal and government (0.41 ha), 2 sites for health and welfare (3.68 ha) and 2 sites for medium impact mixed use (8.73 ha).

Phase 4: Crocworld Development Node

Total extent 54.9641 ha or 21.01%

Conservation 189.998 ha

There is 1 medium density residential 1 site (7.4219 ha); 3 resort sites of 21.6457 ha, 5.5432 ha and 6.7725 ha respectively, and 1 education site (11.3624 ha).

Phase 5: Scottburgh South

Total extent 45.7347 ha or 32.07%

Conservation 81.2292 ha

Passive open space 0.8284 ha

The land use for this phase includes 76 residential only 2 sites (5.2145 ha); 4 high density residential 1 sites (8.8502 ha); 4 medium density residential 1 sites (2.5602 ha); 1 low impact mixed use site (0.3461 ha); 24 urban agriculture 1 sites (23.5642 ha); 1 health and welfare site (1.1064 ha) and 1 education site (4.0931 ha).

Zones Clarified

Zone: Residential Only 1

This zone is intended to promote the development of detached dwelling units in a suburban setting, each unit being for occupation by a single family, and being individually located on erven or subdivisions with a minimum size of 200 m2. A limited number of compatible ancillary uses which have a non-disruptive impact on neighbourhood amenity may be allowed.

Zone: Residential Only 2

This zone is intended to promote the development of detached dwelling units in a suburban setting, each unit being for occupation by a single family, and being individually located on erven or subdivisions with a minimum size of 550 m2. A limited number of compatible ancillary uses which have a non-disruptive impact on neighbourhood amenity may be allowed. Medium Density Housing is permitted through Special Consent on erven of 1 800m2 or more; dependent on adequate sewage disposal, up to 18 units per hectare based on the net erf area are permitted.

Zone: Residential Only 3

This zone is intended to promote the development of detached dwelling units in a suburban setting, each unit being for occupation by a single family, and being individually located on erven or subdivisions with a minimum size of 900 m2. A limited number of compatible ancillary uses which have a non-disruptive impact on neighbourhood amenity may be allowed. Medium Density Housing is permitted through Special Consent on erven of 1 800m2 or more; dependent on adequate sewage disposal, up to 15 units per hectare based on the net erf area are permitted.

Zone: Medium Density Residential 1

This zone is intended to promote the development of attached and detached dwelling units developed as part of a planned residential development each unit being for occupation by a single family. The minimum erf size per development is 1 800 m2, with a maximum of 25 units per hectare for Medium Density Housing. Residential Buildings (Blocks of Flats) are permitted in this zone with no limit in terms of dwelling units per hectare. Existing erven below the minimum erf size may still be developed.

Zone: Medium Density Residential 2

This zone is intended to promote the development of attached and detached dwelling units developed as part of a planned residential development, each unit being for occupation by a single family. The minimum erf size per development is 1 800m2, with a maximum of 20 units per hectare. Existing erven below the minimum erf size may still be developed.

Zone: Medium Density Residential 3

This zone is intended to promote the development of attached and detached dwelling units developed as part of a planned residential development, each unit being for occupation by a single family. The minimum erf size per development is 2 000m2, with a maximum of 15 units per hectare. Existing erven below the minimum erf size may still be developed.

Zone: High Density Residential 1

This zone is intended to promote the development of multi-unit residential buildings, each dwelling unit being for occupation by a single family. Hotels and other uses are permitted to cater for broader community needs. The minimum erf size for each erf is 1 800m2.

Zone: Resort 1

This zone is intended to promote the development of tourist associated residential units in conjunction with recreation and other resort facilities. The minimum erf size for each development is 1 ha.

Zone: Resort 2

This zone is intended to promote the development of tourist associated residential units in conjunction with recreation and other resort facilities. The minimum erf size for each development is 3 600m2

Zone: Resort 3

This zone is intended to promote the development of tourist associated residential units in conjunction with recreation and other resort facilities. The minimum erf size for each development is 1 ha.

Zone: Medium Impact Mixed Use

A zone that is intended to provide for a restricted range of commercial activities, workshops, offices, restaurants and residential development at medium intensities and with limited impacts.

Zone: Light Impact Mixed Use

A zone that is intended to provide for a limited range of commercial activities, offices, restaurants and residential development at low intensities and with limited impacts.

Zone: Petrol Filling Station

A zone that permits activities of Public Garage and Service Station, and a restricted amount of space devoted to a convenience store. Other related uses are permitted through Special Consent.

Zone: Multi-purpose Retail

A zone that provides for the development of suburbanised, multi-use shopping facilities.

Zone: Mixed Use Office

A zone that provides for the development of distinct office areas adjacent to other forms of commercial development.

Zone: Light Industry 2

A zone that permits manufacturing that is generally compatible with other land uses permitted in adjacent, more sensitive land use zones such as residential, mixed use and open space. Light and Service Industrial uses are permitted while General Industrial use is prohibited. Warehousing of a non-hazardous nature is permitted. Outdoor storage such as a Scrapyard requires Special Consent and will be subject to screening.

Zone: Education

A zone that provides for a full range of educational facilities including infants, pre-primary, primary, secondary, tertiary and adult education and training with associated buildings and recreational facilities.

Zone: Active Open Space

This zone provides part of the sustainable open space system which includes independent or linked open space areas and green lung areas of the urban environment for sporting and recreational needs and associated activities of the local and visiting public and may include areas of passive open space where appropriate.

Zone: Passive Open Space

Land set aside for public purposes and services to accommodate any independent or linked open space areas owned and maintained by a public agency for passive and limited active recreational purposes that are used and enjoyed by the general public and may include ancillary facilities or buildings.

Zone: Conservation

Land set aside for public purposes and services that is a natural area of land and/or water within which the conservation of the scenic beauty, indigenous flora and fauna, water course and other topographical features, places of historic or scientific interest and the like is of primary importance.

Zone: Private Conservation

The primary purpose of this zone is to afford protection to areas in private ownership which the Municipality considers to be of conservation significance.

Zone: Special Zone 1.2 (Medium Impact Mixed Use)

A zone that is limited to substantially non-residential mixed uses, and a specific density of development.

Umdoni Land Use Scheme Rules

The Renishaw Coastal Precinct falls under the Umdoni Municipality and will follow the Umdoni Urban Land Use Scheme.

The aim of the scheme is to promote the “co-ordinated and harmonious development of the Umdoni area to promote health, safety, order, amenity, convenience and general welfare in a development process”.

According to the scheme document, the Umdoni Municipality wants to “retain and enhance established residential neighbourhoods, commercial and industrial districts and distribution of land; allow for the intensification of commercial and industrial uses within certain designated areas; allow for mixed residential density in select residential neighbourhoods and accommodate expansion of development into vacant and low-use lands within environmental and infrastructure constraints, and in accordance with the Integrated Development Plan (IDP)”.

The scheme supports diversity from different land use to establish Umdoni “as a distinctive place on the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast.”

The development controls that need to be complied include that a proposed development close to service infrastructure and roads, need to observe the building restrictions required by the service authorities.

The Environmental Controls apply to all development applications to ensure environmental management is practised from the outset and includes an environmental management plan.

Roads planned for the development

Part of the non-developable areas is the road system.

Phase 1: 82.17%

Phase 2: 3.64%

Phase 3: 5.67%

Phase 4: 5.81%

Phase 5: 10.19%

Building Design and External Façade

The Umdoni Land Use Scheme requires the “character, design and external appearance of buildings, including the material used in their construction be subject to the approval of the Municipality”.

The architectural theme must be uniform, “simple but dignified”, in keeping with the old family mansion and subtle variations of features drawn from the mansion is encouraged. A minimal impact on the environment is a pre-requisite.

The time is now to invest in this exciting development, where a quality life in an enviable natural environment is de rigueur.

The secret’s out!

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Invest in the Renishaw Coastal Precinct Now and Be Part of a 150-Year Legacy

Excitement about the potential possibilities, opportunities and investment value of the 2.6-million square metre Renishaw Coastal Precinct on the KZN mid-South Coast is building.

Backed by Renishaw Property Developments – a subsidiary of the JSE-listed Crookes Brothers Limited – the Renishaw Coastal Precinct is a Scottburgh-based development, a mere 40-minutes from Durban.

Renishaw Coastal Precinct has already received consent for mixed-use development from the KZN Department of Environmental Affairs, National Department of Agriculture and the Umdoni Municipality, and rights have been secured to develop a significant number of sizeable properties. This is aligned with more people semigrating to quieter, scenic coastal areas in search of spatial properties.

A Humble Railway Siding

The once sleepy Renishaw was originally a railway siding to transport sugar cane to the crushers at the mill. According to the Dictionary of Southern African Place Names, by Peter E Raper, Lucie A Moller, and Theodorus L du Plessis, Renishaw was a “Settlement and railway station across the mouth of the Mpambanyoni River from Scottburgh. Originally an estate belonging to the Landers brothers, it takes its name from a village in England.”

This was confirmed by a further Google search that revealed Renishaw Central to be a former railway station in Renishaw, Derbyshire, England.

Crookes Family Pioneering Begins in Renishaw

The history of Renishaw in KZN is interwoven with that of the pioneering Crookes family, their story dating back to 1860 when Samuel Crookes from Finningley in Yorkshire, England, arrived on the shores of Durban aboard the Rydal.

Samuel moved to Scottburgh and soon began farming sugar cane. He settled down, and proceeded to get married and have three sons and three daughters.

Renishaw Farm is the site of Samuel Crookes’ first cane farming and milling operation in the 1860s. He registered his company in 1878 as Samuel S Crookes & Sons for his farming and milling interests.

The family grew up, Samuel died at a rather young age of 67, and his sons consolidated the family farms and milling operation into Crookes Brothers Limited in 1913. The Crookes family played a dominant role in the management of farming and milling operations, and the next generation followed suit and listed the company on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange in 1948.

A Centenary of Success

Today, the Crookes Brothers own and manage extensive cane farms, banana plantations and deciduous fruit and macadamia nut orchards. 

The company has agricultural operations in KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Western Cape Province, as well as Swaziland, Zambia, and Mozambique.

The brothers faced challenges and undaunted, overcame weather, natural disasters, pests and diseases, which tested their ingenuity, spirit and perseverance. A success story for the past 150-years, it is the core values of the company: integrity, excellence and fairness that have shaped its success – values maintained in all their endeavours to this day. 

“The early South African sugar industry consisted of an exclusive club of planter-cum-miller family businesses all pioneered before the turn of the 19th century; Natal Estates (the Campbells), Tongaat Sugar (the Saunders), Illovo Estates (the Pearces), Reynolds Brothers, Sir JL Hulett and Sons and Crookes Brothers. The sugar produced was sold through agencies such as CG Smith and Co.” (https://cbl.co.za/financials/ar2013/business-overview/company_history.php)

New Dispensation Triggers Transformation

New challenges arrived with the new dispensation and government in 1994, which transformed the country. However, Crookes Brothers went all in and not only co-operated but made transformation their priority, and this endeavour shaped the company’s development. 

Keeping to their strategy, they spearheaded joint venture farming with the recipients of the lands claims. And they did more; they trained the community in farming and management skills. 

This cooperative model enabled large-scale transformation and a developing black commercial farming community.

The Property Arm Set Up 

Renishaw Property Developments was established to use marginal farmland on the Crookes Brothers Limited farm for development for residential, commercial and industrial purposes.

Renishaw Property Developments’ managing director, Barto Van Der Merwe, said “Of the total 1 800 ha farm size between Scottburgh and Umkomaas, 1 308 ha have been approved for rezoning with 266 ha comprising land suitable for development, the balance consisting of wetlands, coastal forest and areas too steep for development.”

“The long-term project is made up of different development zones,” Van Der Merwe said. “The successful billion-rand Renishaw Hills, a gated, mature lifestyle village, was started in 2016. The first property owners took occupation in the second part of 2017.”

“Renishaw Hills constitutes only 28 ha of the 266 ha developable land, giving an indication of the total extent of the project.” said Van Der Merwe.

Heritage Survey Digs into the History

It is interesting to note that in line with their integrity values, Crookes Brothers has appointed SIVEST Environmental Division to obtain an understanding of the current status of the areas from an environmental, social, economic and heritage perspective, after which full Environmental Impact Assessments were done and the parcels of land identified for development. 

SIVEST Environmental Division appointed Albert van Jaarsveld to do a Heritage Impact Assessment to obtain an understanding of the current Heritage Resources on the affected land.

In his report, Van Jaarsveld said, Renishaw “has a rich history and has buildings of architectural value that should be preserved for future generations. It is recommended that the buildings with heritage status are suitable to become part of any kind of development.” (https://sahris.sahra.org.za/sites/default/files/heritagereports/Renishaw%20Estate%20Heritage.pdf)

Working with the Local Community

The Crookes Brothers’ legacy of working with the local community continues. To include the local KwaCele community and provide for their participation in development projects, a memorandum of understanding was signed. The agreement includes giving preference to local emerging businesses when appointing sub-contractors. A formal training programme for unemployed youths has already been initiated under the Construction Education and Training Authority (CETA). 

The total developable prime coastal area of 2.6-million square metres at prices far lower than on the North Coast, offers great returns if you take advantage and invest now.

The picturesque, pristine beaches surrounded by golf courses paired with the options mixed-use give you, investment and development become a no-brainer.

The business and social hub of the development is appropriately called the Renishaw Coastal Precinct Interchange, which will encompass residential, commercial, retail and light industries, with zoning for a private school and a private hospital.

The residents of the Renishaw Coastal Development flagship, the billion-rand Renishaw Hills mature lifestyle village, are already enjoying great value for money, a healthy outdoor lifestyle, convenience and a rich sense of community.  

The Alluring but Sound Offer

Renishaw is offering prime land at fantastic prices, a technologically smart and forward-thinking precinct. It is a precinct that supports eco-living, sustainable building materials and solar power. 

Built around the principles of independence, honesty and reliability, the business remains true to Samuel Crookes’ founding vision, while its longevity testifies to the dedication and professionalism of the family and employees who followed him.

And with the focus on excellence, integrity and community support, the business continues to transform its fine heritage into a pioneering, successful and sustainable future.

You can become part of the next generation and partner with the Renishaw Coastal Precinct to continue its fascinating history and leave your legacy along with the developers.

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Renishaw Coastal Precinct: Get in First and Get Greater Returns Faster

An investment opportunity is knocking loudly on the doors of developers to take advantage of a new Scottburgh-based (KwaZulu-Natal, mid-South Coast) development that has unlocked huge economic potential. The Renishaw Coastal Precinct on the KZN mid-South Coast is a 2.6-million square metre, mixed-use coastal development that includes residential, retail, educational, health care and light industrial/commercial zones.

The Renishaw Coastal Precinct falls under the Umdoni Municipality, which, together with the KZN Department of Environmental Affairs and the National Department of Agriculture, have given the go-ahead. Included in their consent are the rights to develop a number of substantial properties.

The development will follow the Umdoni Land Use Scheme, the goal of which is to promote the balanced and coordinated expansion of the Umdoni municipal area. Set in a picturesque landscape, with neighbouring golf courses and stunning beaches already providing a panoramic backdrop, the five-phase development includes a proposed Renishaw Coastal Precinct Interchange to become the vibrant business and social heart of this thrilling new precinct.

The Renishaw Coastal Precinct is backed by Renishaw Property Developments, a subsidiary of the JSE-listed Crookes Brothers Limited, and its property partner, Crocker Properties. Success in the Renishaw Coastal precinct has already been demonstrated by the 25-hectares of Renishaw Hills, a gated, mature lifestyle village and the first billion-rand development in the area.

It’s the Right Time to Invest

“Opening the next phase of development couldn’t come at a better time for the KZN South Coast,” said CEO of Crookes Brothers Ltd, Kennett Sinclair. It has been a taxing, testing and demanding two years, especially for businesses, with communities also having suffered. For this reason, the Renishaw Coastal Precinct offers far more than a mere glimmer of hope as the investment it will attract will benefit and contribute to the entire area. The KZN mid-South Coast will soon become the talking point and place to invest in terms of residential property, commerce and tourism. 

Shareholder and director of Renishaw Property Developments, Richard Crocker added that this is an exciting project which originated 12-years ago. “The billion-rand Renishaw Hills gated mature lifestyle village, already successfully established in 2016/17, is the impressive launchpad for the Renishaw Coastal Precinct.” 

Crocker said the countrywide spike in investment interest in the development was a sure sign that people have changed and, therefore, their lifestyles have too. “They want out of the rat race and to replace traffic congestion, pollution and high crime for peaceful, outdoor living where comfort and relaxation, family time and bonding with nature take priority. But, they are not compromising on the quality, which is where Renishaw Coastal Precinct comes in, all guns blazing, offering the dream using quality structure and design.” 

The next step of the Renishaw development is opening the area to investors to take advantage of the mixed-use possibilities.

Chairman of Renishaw Property Developments, Mark Grant, pointed out that Richard has been instrumental in the establishment of Renishaw Property Developments and was excited to invite investors and developers to come on board and help to positively change the face of the mid-South Coast. 

Semigration is on the Increase

We all know that coastal properties have a higher value, and confirmation from Lightstone’s Residential Property Index for 2020 revealed an annual growth rate of 5.8 per cent for seaside residences. The envy of inland properties, which only had a 3.9 per cent growth rate.  

“There has been an increase in property investments along the KZN coastline the past few years with people heading to the coast to live there permanently,” said Renishaw Property Developments’ Phil Barker, who mentioned that with lockdown restrictions almost being a thing of the past, there has been a noticeable increase of those not being able to, or wanting to emigrate, choosing to relocate to the coast.  

Barker’s comments are pertinent considering the rising semigration, which has been propelled into the stratosphere by the Covid-19 pandemic and has opened wide a window of opportunity on the KZN South Coast for serious investors and developers.

Most South African semigration is to the coast. Why now? The Covid-19 pandemic proved that working from home is not only feasible but valued. Confined during the lockdown, people have had the time to reassess their lifestyles and are choosing to buy homes away from cities in scenic, more remote areas where there is less congestion and pollution.

Coastal areas tend to trigger fond memories of carefree holidays at the beach, and having more time to enjoy the outdoors. Why not make that a lifestyle choice? 

With this influx of people to the small coastal towns, improved infrastructure and facilities will follow. This is the ideal opportunity to appreciate the economic potential and realise the investment prospects.

Who is semigrating? Well, everyone from the expected retirees to professionals and businessmen and women and families it seems. (https://www.ooba.co.za/resources/semigration)

Property moguls have commented on this trend for a while, and the chief executive of the Pam Golding Property Group, Dr Andrew Golding, told Maverick Life, “Semigration has been a significant trend in the South African residential housing market for many years… characterised, generally, by a move from inland parts of the country to the coast… starting in the Western Cape, Boland and Overberg but more recently in regions such as KwaZulu-Natal, the Eastern Cape and the Garden Route, too.” (https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2022-01-11-semigration-is-it-time-to-leave-the-city/)

Sustainable, Eco-living

While South Africa is still way behind regarding eco-living and infrastructure to support smart homes, Renishaw Coastal Precinct believes in sustainable, eco-friendly development. 

Renishaw Hills is a case-in-point. It commits to conservation and not only nurtures indigenous fauna and flora, but is also involved in the re-establishment of coastal forest grasslands and wetlands as part of a long-term rehabilitation plan.

In the story, 9 Property Trends to look out for in 2022, managing director of Only Realty, Grant Smee, said “Measures such as solar power, building with sustainable materials to reduce their carbon footprint, building homes with more natural light and growing vegetable gardens are just some of the trends that will continue, and grow in popularity in 2022.”

“Features such as these justify a higher price tag due to high demand by homebuyers,” he said. 

(https://businesstech.co.za/news/property/544738/9-property-trends-to-look-out-for-in-2022-in-south-africa-including-the-most-in-demand-areas/)

Don’t Miss Out

The Renishaw Coastal Precinct is set to catalyse an economic awakening for the area. The advantage of the South Coast is that you will still find optimal coastal locations at prices that will only continue to rise, which will maximise your returns. As developers and investors, we’ve seen this before in some of KZN’s largest developments, prime land with little awareness, and all of a sudden, it’s almost too late to get in. Renishaw is offering a technologically smart and forward-thinking precinct with the latest internet connectivity available on-site. For greater reliability and sustainability, the development will also have an independent water supply available, should this be necessary. 

With the area’s tremendous potential about to ignite, the developers are looking for the right partners so that together they can change the landscape of KZN’s mid-south Coast for future generations.

The Renishaw Coastal Precinct’s Leading Edge:

  • It offers greater value; property prices along the South Coast are substantially less than on the North Coast.
  • It is prime land with little awareness, for a very limited time.
  • Rights have been secured to develop a significant number of sizeable properties, and consent has been given from the KZN Department of Environmental Affairs, the National Department of Agriculture and Umdoni Municipality.
  • Renishaw is offering a smart, forward-thinking, and ‘future-fit’ precinct.
  • Awareness of the local community; a memorandum of understanding has been signed with the local KwaCele community to ensure their potential participation in the development projects.
  • The proven success of the billion-rand Renishaw Hills gated, mature lifestyle village, which opened in 2016, has set the benchmark for quality homes, while preserving the distinctive, natural environment.
  • Property on the coast has elevated value and a 5.8 per cent recorded growth rate.
  • Warm ocean, sub-tropical climate, proximity to Durban (40-minute drive).
  • Renishaw Coastal Precinct has plans to expand through a series of interconnected nodes with approvals for varied mixed-use development – for the next 20-plus years.
  • The target market is already on the move, and the development is in line with the semigration movement.
  • Renishaw was established by the Crookes brothers in the early 1800s, and their history is intertwined with that of the mid-South Coast.
  • Wide scope of investment opportunities: residential, commercial, retail, recreational, and education.
  • The business and social hub of the development will form the Renishaw Coastal Precinct Interchange, which will accommodate many firsts for the area.
  • The developers have a reputation for transparency and nurture positive and mutually beneficial relationships, social engagement and opportunity creation.

Investment with Value 

We invite developers and investors who are interested in a smart investment with incredible value, which aligns with our values so we can truly partner with them collectively, enabling an inspired vision. The Renishaw Coastal Precinct is awakening the South Coast’s potential.

Don’t be caught napping while investors and developers jostle for pole positions to partner with the development.